Visual Studio

Expression Blend 3 and Visual Studio 2010 RC

I installed VS2010 RC several weeks ago, and I’m now using it as my principal Silverlight dev environment. However, the sacrifice I made was that I could no longer use Blend 3 on my Silverlight 3 projects because the solution version number had changed.

I was wrong.

True, when you load your solution into Blend, it does complain that it’s a newer version, and might not work, but if you continue, Blend will successfully load a Silverlight 3 project. I tried two different projects, one which had been converted from VS2008 to VS2010 – which loaded properly – and one which I had created from scratch in VS2010. This one failed to load the web project, probably because VS2010 had created a .NET 4 web project, which Blend can’t load. But since Blend doesn’t care about the web project, this wouldn’t prove a problem.

So that’s useful – I can now use Blend again without resorting to weird hackery.

Of course, in just over a week, we might well have new versions of all the Silveright tools, as Mix10 opens in Las Vegas (I’ll be there!) and, if Microsoft follow their usual pattern, they’ll announce Silverlight 4 RTW. I think a lot of people will be disappointed if the tools aren’t available as soon as the announcement happens, although it won’t coincide with the RTM of Visual Studio 2010, because that launch isn’t scheduled until April (and that’s a launch, not necessarily the RTM date).

‘Cannot register duplicate name ‘XXX’ in this scope’ in VS 2010

Here’s a gotcha that was puzzling me yesterday.

I’ve just installed Visual Studio 2010 RC, and was trying it out on my current project. It’s a Silverlight Navigation-style project, but that’s not important to the bug.

I found one page where the Xaml designer wouldn’t handle the page properly – it was throwing exceptions, and the editor was showing an error in the Xaml. The line looked like this:

<local:SimpleConverter x:Name="SimpleConverter"/>

This is a value converter, designed to convert bindings from one type to another. The error it was showing was ‘Cannot register duplicate name ‘SimpleConverter’ in this scope’. This foxed me for a while – I thought perhaps because I was throwing exceptions when I didn’t recognise the type being converted, but even removing that and simplifying didn’t remove the error.

Then I noticed the key word in the error message: ‘Name’.

In Xaml you can use x:Name if you want something in the Xaml linked up to a class variable in your code-behind. But that was clearly causing issues with whatever the designer was doing behind the scenes. However, if you don’t need code-behind access (as I don’t in this case) you can use x:Key – and that’s the usual mechanism for naming resources.

Changing the resource to:

<local:SimpleConverter x:Key="SimpleConverter"/>

then the errors from the visual designer stop happening.

Of course, I’ve no idea if the errors are a bug in the designer, or if it’s just wrong to use x:Name in resources, but since I didn’t need the autowiring up of objects, it’s no problem to change it.